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I do know individuals who have 3D printers which might be little greater than home equipment. They purchase it, print with it and alter nearly nothing. That does not describe me and, I assume, does not describe you both. Nonetheless, this creates an issue on the subject of slicers. It’s a must to hold altering profiles and modifying them. It may be tough to maintain issues so as. For instance, in case you have profiles for various nozzles, you may select to: hold one profile and edit the elements that change, or hold a number of profiles and any frequent adjustments ought to be propagated to the opposite profiles.
For a very long time I needed to create a system that may permit me to have baseline profiles after which use particular profiles that may change some parts within the baseline. Seems he did not must. Prusa Slicer and its fork, SuperSlicer, have already got the potential. Each in fact are based mostly on Slic3r, however the scripting languages are totally different and what I am doing requires G-code scripting. The issue is that this functionality isn’t very properly documented and the GUI really it does not straight assist it, which requires a little bit of evasion. I am going to present you the way I’ve issues arrange and the place the constraints are. If you wish to give it a strive, I recommend you make a backup of your config listing or change to a brand new one.
Talking of which, each exhibits take a
--datadir command line argument that permits you to put the configuration recordsdata the place you need. For those who’re like me and use slicer from totally different computer systems, this can be a nice technique to put the recordsdata on a shared drive or use one thing like Syncthing to maintain just a few copies in sync over the community.
combine it up
Presets or profiles are normally saved in
.ini recordsdata which have a quite simple format. The identify of every preset is in sq. brackets, together with an identifier of what kind of preset it’s. For instance, you would have:
[print:myprinter] layer_height = 0.3
This is not nice although, as a result of a preset lives in a file. After all, you would hold monitor of a myriad of
ini recordsdata and generate them on the fly. It was the very first thing I assumed. Nonetheless, slicers assist you to export and import configuration packages that populate a number of profiles directly.
At first look, it may not look like an enormous deal, since you would simply zip a bunch of
ini recordsdata in a file. However there are two issues that play in our favor. First, you may cover sure entries in a package deal. Second, you may make an entry inherit parts from one other preset in the identical package deal.
What meaning is which you can export your settings as a package deal after which rearrange the whole lot so that you’ve got all of your frequent settings in a single place after which inherit most of these settings from particular objects. For instance, you may need a base PLA filament kind. Then a kind of PLA for “Model X” that overrides only some objects. Lastly you’ll have a particular “X crimson model PLA” that you simply simply should set the colour and in case you have a number of extruders perhaps the pigment issue which controls how a lot filament bleeds out between colours.
[filament:PLA Brand X Red] inherits = *PLA_Brand_X*] filament_colour = #FF0000 filament_wipe_advanced_pigment = 0.7
Discover the asterisks across the PLA_Brand_X identifier? That tells the slicer to not present this enter to the person. In reality, on import, the slicer solely makes use of them to populate the ini file for a particular ingredient. This lets you not have a bunch of meaningless inputs simply to maintain your defaults.
Nonetheless, the draw back is that when you import, there is no such thing as a longer a typical connection between the preset and the “base class”. For those who make a change, it solely adjustments the present preset. Nonetheless, you may repair that in a number of methods.
So after I talked about exporting your current setup as a package deal, I would create new entries for issues like “print: *default*” to accommodate all of the frequent stuff. Observe that you do not need an area after the colon, however do not ask me why I do know that.
There may be one other downside. One of many causes I am enthusiastic about that is that I’ve a system that permits me to swap hotends shortly. Generally I exploit a switching sizzling finish and generally I exploit a extra typical sizzling finish like a Dragon. The issue is that sizzling ends have totally different extrusion components, thermistor calibrations, and nozzle sizes. A few of these are straightforward to repair with configuration packages. Nonetheless, what’s much less straightforward is to have a single unified startup and shutdown script or ship customized code to configure thermistor calibration, for instance.
A mixing sizzling finish, for instance, requires a way more advanced setup than a standard E3DV6. Nonetheless, each want mattress changes and temperature warm-ups. I presently have six flavors of extruders and I do not need to make parallel adjustments to 6 totally different scripts.
The reply is to make use of scripts. Sadly, the scripting language offered by segmentation is sort of restricted, so you may’t set variables for later use, for instance. However you may learn “placeholders” (system variables) to be taught issues like the peak of the primary layer or the specified temperature. You have most likely seen this utilized in startup gcode earlier than to keep away from having to have totally different startup scripts for various supplies or nozzle sizes.
Nonetheless, it’s also possible to be taught the identify of the printer preset and seek for an everyday expression. I’ve taken benefit of that by naming every profile as I would like however having
!2! or another quantity seems within the identify. That means I can simply write code that modifies the parameters relying on which profile is utilizing it. For instance:
if printer_preset=~/.*~!3!.*/ M305 P0 B4981 M301 E0 P22.7 I2.4 D53.8 endif
Clearly, there are related bits of code for every hotend ID. Printer names seem like: NF-!3! or E3D-!0!. It’s possible you’ll choose totally different characters and schemes. You’ll be able to in fact seek for the precise identify when you choose and skip the numeric encoding. Nonetheless, this scheme permits me to have a number of profiles for a similar hotend and nonetheless choose the frequent parameters whatever the actual identify. That’s, NF-!3! and NF-HF!3! they each get the identical begin and finish code.
An issue with scripts too is that they’re all on one line with
n coded to indicate line settings. The best way I work round that is that I hold a model managed file with every startup script. After I must make a change, I drop it into no matter preset I’ve and reserve it as a brief identify, or generally I simply reserve it as a result of I am about to put in writing over it anyway (which you may hear). , down). Then I open the corresponding
.ini file and duplicate the road to place within the package deal. There are numerous different methods you would do it.
As a bonus characteristic, every script begins with a model quantity and a date so I can simply see that my adjustments have been made and might simply return utilizing
git with out getting too confused.
The GUI disconnect
The final downside is that of the GUI. As I discussed earlier than, importing the package deal destroys the connection between the presets. I’ve discovered some easy guidelines that assist handle the insanity. I handle package deal variations and associated recordsdata
githowever that is not a cure-all as particular person recordsdata change.
- By no means change imported profiles and save them. You’ll be able to, in fact, however it is going to confuse you.
- For those who change an imported profile, reserve it with an analogous new identify (I add -exp for experimental to the identify).
- Once you resolve you need to make a change to one of many commonplace presets or add one completely, use slicers to indicate you the variations between the preset and what you suppose will make an excellent base class.
- Edit the package deal to replicate the adjustments you need to hold. Some adjustments aren’t value protecting and bear in mind to set the “inherit” key within the base class.
- Reimport the package deal. Delete any extra presets you created in step 2.
For those who make any errors, the import will provide you with a warning. A standard downside is that the GUI likes to capitalize issues like fill sample names. Nonetheless, within the file, the whole lot is lowercase.
When you do the import, you need to be wonderful. One factor to bear in mind is that the
[physical_printer] The label has all of the presets you need to configure, so you do not have to edit the bodily printer to re-associate it with new profiles.
For those who actually need to make a device change, see [Joshua’s] Anniversary. If you’re not utilizing a suitable slicer, you may be taught extra about PrusaSlicer and Tremendous Slicer.
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3D Printering: Managing Multiple Printing Profiles